“Today, when the energy sources and excesses of our industrial age have put our planet in peril, we must turn to the sun to power our future,” these works of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi resonated among the 122 countries addressed at the International Solar Alliance (ISA) in Paris (TOI, 2015) in November, 2015. India thus committed itself to become the ‘sons of the Sun’- notwithstanding a paradigm shift in the nation’s solar energy sector and its revised goals.
Floods are the most common and widespread among all natural disasters in India and more prominent in the Brahmaputra and Ganga basins which include the states of Assam, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Floods also hit the states of Odisha, Anhdra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Telangana. About 40 million ha of area in our country is flood prone, according to the National Flood Commission. Floods cause damage to crops, public utilities, industries and property resulting in huge losses in financial terms besides disrupting of telecommunications network and transport network. If the losses are to be minimized, it is imperative to take necessary long and short term measures encompassing prediction, prevention, warning, monitoring and relief.
The Jute Sector in India is protected through the Jute Packaging Materials Act, 1987. This article argues that while the Act has protected farmers and jobs to as large extent, it may also have lulled it into complacency with the industry not developing a competitive edge and becoming more and more dependent on a single product and a single buyer for its survival.
Earth abounds in fascinating locales, some of which are easily accessible, while others require sojourns to rather remote corners. In the summer of 2017, I chanced upon a trip to one such location, Leh. The opportunity helped me explore the mysteries of a cold desert and I was particularly excited about experiencing the windy heights of Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary.
Established in 1993, the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is a non-profit organization, headquartered at Bonn, Germany. Over the years, it has laid down a series of principles and guidelines for forest management. The companies which adhere to these principles are eligible to apply for the FSC mark, which can in turn be used to distinguish their products from the others. The creation of the FSC gained momentum during the Earth Summit of 1992 which saw active campaigns by
India, which has 17 per cent of the world’s population, has roughly 4 per cent of the world’s water resources and 2.45 per cent of the world’s land area. The challenges faced by the water sector in the country are many, such as – the challenge to feed a growing population; challenge to meet their growing aspirations for a better life’ challenge to control the floods and droughts occurring every year devastating lives and habitats; and the challenge to ensure sustainable growth process balancing a delicate environmental and ecological system.
The demand for energy worldwide is increasing day by day. On the contrary, conventional energy reserves are depleting at an alarming rate. This situation mandates unconventional and renewable sources of energy. Though renewable energy resources are gaining importance, these resources will need augmentation.
Natural disasters strike many parts of India, some are seasonal or chronic and also predictable, while few are sudden and unpredictable. Out of 28 states and 7 union territories in the country, 27 of them are disaster prone. Almost 58.6 per cent of the landmass is prone to earthquakes; 12 per cent are prone to floods and river erosion; of the 7,516 km long coastline, close to 5,700 km is prone to cyclones and tsunamis; 68 per cent of the cultivable area is vulnerable to drought and hilly areas are at risk from landslides and avalanches (MHA, 2011). Few places have
We are increasingly talking about building a modern nation. While it is important to develop infrastructure, scientific spirit, technical strength, military might, artistic excellence and all those diverse faculties that characterize modernity, it is more important for us to recognize our foundational capacities, going forward. A nation owes much to the grain it is made of. And building a dream depends much on the foundations that have stayed with us for long.
A dam, a barrier built across a river to impound and regulate water, serves three main functions. The first is to store water in the reservoir behind the dam to even out fluctuations in river flow and match the availability with demand. The second function of a dam is to create a hydraulic head of water (difference in high between the water surface in reservoir and the river downstream) in the reservoir-used to generate hydroelectric energy. Due to this gravitational head, water can dams also protect population, infrastructure and property from flood damages as